If you have had normal skin for a long time and now you have dry skin, you may be worried that your dryness will not improve with your usual care. It is important to take into account the causes of dry skin and continue with proper skin care. Here are some details about the causes of dry skin, measures to prevent it, and points to take care of your whole body.
How do you get dry skin?
In order to properly combat dry skin, let’s first take a closer look at the causes and mechanisms.
Disturbance of turnover
Turnover is the process by which new skin cells come up from deep within the skin and replace the old ones. Through turnover, the health of the stratum corneum, the outermost layer of the skin, is maintained, allowing the skin to retain moisture. However, when turnover is disrupted, the skin cannot maintain a healthy stratum corneum that retains moisture and becomes dry.
Decrease in the amount of moisturizing ingredients (ceramide, NMF, sebum)
The stratum corneum, which is the outermost layer of the skin, has a structure in which ceramides (intercellular lipids) fill in the gaps between the layers of stratum corneum cells. By maintaining this structure, the skin is able to retain moisture. In addition, NMF (natural moisturizing factor) contained in the stratum corneum cells and the sebaceous film on the surface of the stratum corneum also prevent the evaporation of moisture from the skin. Therefore, when the amount of ceramide, NMF and sebaceous film decrease, the skin loses moisture and becomes dry.
Lack of sleep, poor nutrition, and other lifestyle disorders
If the secretion of growth hormone is decreased due to lack of sleep or if the nutrition necessary for building the skin is insufficient, turnover will not occur normally. As a result, the healthy stratum corneum cannot be maintained, and the moisture in the skin easily evaporates.
If you are a night owl or have an unbalanced diet, try to improve your regular lifestyle.
External factors such as UV rays, dust mites, etc.
When the skin is irritated by ultraviolet rays, dust mites, etc., inflammation may occur. When inflammation occurs, the skin loses moisture and becomes flaky. If you go out in the middle of summer without taking measures against UV rays, or if you do not clean your room enough, you will tend to suffer from dry skin caused by external factors.
Skin care steps to avoid dry skin
To prevent dry skin, daily skin care is very important. In addition to cleansing and cleansing your face, you should also review your moisturizing care. Let’s take a look at the steps to take to prevent dry skin.
Cleansing and face washing
Cleanse your face after carefully washing off your makeup. There are some cosmetics that can be removed by just washing your face, but basically, cleansing is necessary. Use oil cleansers with high cleansing power for point makeup, and use milk or cream cleansers for other areas.
When washing your face, lather up the cleanser well and wash your entire face gently and carefully. When rinsing off, use lukewarm water to avoid excessive removal of sebum. When rinsing, use lukewarm water so as not to remove too much sebum, and rinse thoroughly as any lather left on the skin may dry out the area. Gently wipe off any water droplets from your face with a soft towel.
After washing your face, moisturize as soon as possible. As time goes by, the skin loses moisture and becomes dry.
The first step in moisturizing care is to moisturize the skin with lotion. Spread the lotion on your hands and soak it in, pressing it over your face. Be careful not to dab the lotion with your hands or cotton, as this will damage the skin. Gently blend it into the skin.
Facial massages are treatments you can do with a practitioner or on your own. The technique involves stimulating pressure points on the face, neck, and shoulders. Facial massage tool helps promote healthy skin while relaxing your facial muscles. It has a relaxing and rejuvenating effect, helping you look and feel better.
Next, use a serum that suits your skin’s needs. If you are concerned about dry skin, a serum containing ceramide, hyaluronic acid, or collagen is recommended. As with the lotion, spread it on your hands and apply it to your face.
Emulsion is a moisturizing product that supports the role of sebum and provides oil to the skin, so adjust the amount of emulsion you apply to the T-zone, U-zone, and other areas where sebum is a concern.
Apply a layer of cream if your skin is still dry after applying milky lotion. However, if you apply it to sebum-prone areas, it will become sticky, so make sure you know where to apply it.
Tips for dry skin care for the whole body
Since dry skin tends to dry out not only the face but also the body, it is important to review the care of the whole body. Let’s take a look at some of the tips for dry skin care.
Don’t scrub too much when washing your body.
When you wash your body, scrubbing with a nylon towel can damage your skin. If you have dry skin, it will be damaged even more because the barrier function is weakened. The barrier function will also be further reduced, making skin problems more likely to occur.
It is important to wash your body gently and carefully with a soft towel.
Do not rub too hard when wiping with a towel.
When wiping your body after bathing, try not to rub. This can damage your skin and cause it to lose moisture. However, some people may end up rubbing too much because they are trying to wipe thoroughly.
A towel that is highly absorbent can remove water droplets without you having to try to wipe thoroughly. It is also important to choose a towel that feels good against your skin. Towels made of 100% cotton tend to feel better on the skin, but it depends on the product, so make sure you actually touch it.
Choose a body soap that does not remove too much sebum.
Since dry skin produces less sebum, you need to be careful not to wash away too much sebum. Use a body soap that does not have too much cleaning power to leave a moderate amount of sebum.
Apply moisturizer immediately after bathing
After bathing, apply moisturizer immediately after wiping off your body. It is important to apply the moisturizer before drying your hair because the skin loses moisture over time. A body cream that is easily absorbed into the skin can quickly moisturize the entire body.
When you have dry skin, you should review the cleansing and facial cleansing, moisturizing care to maintain the moisture of the skin. If you have dry skin due to a change in your physical condition, it is important to review how you wash and wipe your body, and moisturizing care, because not only your face but also your body can easily become dry. Restore healthy skin with careful skin care and lifestyle changes.